Dr. Alexander Gebharter (University of Groningen): Confirmation Based on Analogical Inference: Bayes meets Jeffrey

Datum / Uhrzeit:
14.05.19   /  18:30 - 20:00

Institut für Theoretische Philosophie

24.53.01 Raum 81



Certain hypotheses cannot be directly confirmed for theoretical, practical, or moral reasons. For some of these hypotheses, however, there might be a workaround: confirmation based on analogical reasoning. In this paper we take up Dardashti, Hartmann, Thébault, and Winsberg’s (2015) idea of analyzing confirmation based on analogical inference Baysian style. We identify three types of confirmation by analogy and show that Dardashti et al.’s approach can cover two of them. We then highlight possible problems with their model as a general approach to analogical inference and argue that these problems can be avoided by supplementing Bayesian update with Jeffrey conditionalization.

Co-authored with Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla



Alexander Gebharter is a postdoc at the Department of Theoretical Philosophy at the University of Groningen. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the German Society for Philosophy of Science, editor-in-chief of KRITERION — Journal of Philosophy, and editor for the categories Causal Reasoning and Causal Modeling at PhilPapers. He published a book in Synthese Library and articles on a variety of topics from philosophy of science and its intersection with epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of mind. For more information, see www.alexandergebharter.com.


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